Identification of novel lumbricin homologues in Eisenia andrei earthworms

Bodó, Kornélia and Boros, Ákos and Rumpler, Éva and Molnár, László and Böröcz, Katalin and Németh, Péter and Engelmann, Péter (2019) Identification of novel lumbricin homologues in Eisenia andrei earthworms. DEVELOPMENTAL AND COMPARATIVE IMMUNOLOGY, 90. pp. 41-46. ISSN 0145-305X


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Lumbricin and its orthologue antimicrobial peptides were typically isolated from annelids. In this report, mRNA for lumbricin and -serendipitously- a novel lumbricin-related mRNA sequence were identified in Eisenia andrei earthworms. The determined mRNA sequences of E. andrei lumbricin and lumbricin-related peptide consist of 477 and 575 nucleotides. The precursors of proline-rich E. andrei lumbricin and the related peptide contain 63 and 59 amino acids, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis indicated close relationship with other annelid lumbricins. Highest expression of both mRNAs appeared in the proximal part of the intestine (pharynx, gizzard), while other tested organs had moderate (body wall, midgut, ovary, metanephridium, seminal vesicles, ventral nerve cord) or low (coelomocytes) levels. During ontogenesis their expression revealed continuous increase in embryos. Following 48h of in vivo Gram-positive bacteria challenge both mRNAs were significantly elevated in coelomocytes, while Gram-negative bacteria or zymosan stimulation had no detectable effects.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia > QR355 Virology / víruskutatás
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2018 09:07
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 00:17

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