Effect of temperature and substitution on cope rearrangement : A symmetry perspective

Tuvi-Arad, Inbal and Rozgonyi, Tamás and Stirling, András (2013) Effect of temperature and substitution on cope rearrangement : A symmetry perspective. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A, 117. pp. 12726-12733. ISSN 1089-5639


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Many reactions feature symmetry variation along the reaction path on the potential energy surface. The interconversion of the point group symmetry of the stationary points can be characteristic of these processes. Increasing the temperature, however, leads to the loss of symmetry in its traditional yes-no language. We find that in such cases the instantaneous distance of the molecular structure from its symmetric counterpart is a suitable collective variable that can describe the reaction process. We show that this quantity, the continuous symmetry measure (CSM) has a positive linear relationship with temperature, implying that even highly symmetric molecules should be considered as asymmetric above 0K. Using ab initio molecular dynamics we simulate the temperature induced Cope rearrangements of several fluxional molecules and employ different CSM-s to follow the reaction progress. We use this methodology to demonstrate the validity of important concepts governing these reactions: Woodward-Hoffmann rules and TS aromaticity. Statistical analysis of the CSM distributions reveals that ligands connected to the carbon frame have profound effect on the reaction course. In particular our results show that lower temperatures tend to enhance the differences between the TS-stabilizing effect of the substituents.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Molecular dynamics, Symmetry measures, Pericyclic reactions, Aromaticity.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GE Environmental Sciences / környezettudomány
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2014 12:40
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2015 01:15

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