Intraspecific Evolution of Human RCCX Copy Number Variation Traced by Haplotypes of the CYP21A2 Gene

Bánlaki, Zsófia and Szabó, Julianna Anna and Szilágyi, Ágnes and Patócs, Attila Balázs and Prohászka, Zoltán and Füst, György and Doleschall, Márton (2013) Intraspecific Evolution of Human RCCX Copy Number Variation Traced by Haplotypes of the CYP21A2 Gene. GENOME BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 5 (1). pp. 98-112. ISSN 1759-6653

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The RCCX region is a complex, multiallelic, tandem copy number variation (CNV). Two complete genes, complement component 4 (C4) and steroid 21-hydroxylase (CYP21A2, formerly CYP21B), reside in its variable region. RCCX is prone to nonallelic homologous recombination (NAHR) such as unequal crossover, generating duplications and deletions of RCCX modules, and gene conversion. A series of allele-specific long-range polymerase chain reaction coupled to the whole-gene sequencing of CYP21A2 was developed for molecular haplotyping. By means of the developed techniques, 35 different kinds of CYP21A2 haplotype variant were experimentally determined from 112 unrelated European subjects. The number of the resolved CYP21A2 haplotype variants was increased to 61 by bioinformatic haplotype reconstruction. The CYP21A2 haplotype variants could be assigned to the haplotypic RCCX CNV structures (the copy number of RCCX modules) in most cases. The genealogy network constructed from the CYP21A2 haplotype variants delineated the origin of RCCX structures. The different RCCX structures were located in tight groups. The minority of groups with identical RCCX structure occurred once in the network, implying monophyletic origin, but the majority of groups occurred several times and in different locations, indicating polyphyletic origin. The monophyletic groups were often created by single unequal crossover, whereas recurrent unequal crossover events generated some of the polyphyletic groups. As a result of recurrent NAHR events, more CYP21A2 haplotype variants with different allele patterns belonged to the same RCCX structure. The intraspecific evolution of RCCX CNV described here has provided a reasonable expectation for that of complex, multiallelic, tandem CNVs in humans.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: allele-specific long-range PCR, CNV, genealogy network, nonallelic homologous recombination.
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2014 10:37
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2014 10:37

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