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Resisting annihilation: relationships between functional trait dissimilarity, assemblage competitive power and allelopathy

Muhl, Rika M W and Roelke, Daniel L and Zohary, Tamar and Moustaka-Gouni, Maria and Sommer, Ulrich and Borics, Gábor and Withrow, Frances G. and Bhattacharyya, Joydeb (2018) Resisting annihilation: relationships between functional trait dissimilarity, assemblage competitive power and allelopathy. Ecology Letters, 21 (9). pp. 1390-1400. ISSN 1461-023X (print), 1461-0248 (online)

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Abstract

Abstract Allelopathic species can alter biodiversity. Using simulated assemblages that are characterised by neutrality, lumpy coexistence and intransitivity, we explore relationships between within-assemblage competitive dissimilarities and resistance to allelopathic species. An emergent behaviour from our models is that assemblages are more resistant to allelopathy when members strongly compete exploitatively (high competitive power). We found that neutral assemblages were the most vulnerable to allelopathic species, followed by lumpy and then by intransitive assemblages. We find support for our modeling in real-world time-series data from eight lakes of varied morphometry and trophic state. Our analysis of this data shows that a lake's history of allelopathic phytoplankton species biovolume density and dominance is related to the number of species clusters occurring in the plankton assemblages of those lakes, an emergent trend similar to that of our modeling. We suggest that an assemblage's competitive power determines its allelopathy resistance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ALLELOPATHY; interference competition; Exploitative competition; Neutrality; species supersaturated assemblages; lumpy coexistence; intransitivity;
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2018 10:21
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2018 10:29
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/88573

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