The pioneer factor PBX1 is a novel driver of metastatic progression in ERalpha-positive breast cancer

Magnani, Luca and Patten, Darren K. and Nguyen, Van T. M. and Hong, Sung-Pil and Steel, Jennifer H. and Patel, Naina and Győrffy, Balázs (2015) The pioneer factor PBX1 is a novel driver of metastatic progression in ERalpha-positive breast cancer. ONCOTARGET, 6 (26). pp. 21878-21891. ISSN 1949-2553


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Over 30% of ERalpha breast cancer patients develop relapses and progress to metastatic disease despite treatment with endocrine therapies. The pioneer factor PBX1 translates epigenetic cues and mediates estrogen induced ERalpha binding. Here we demonstrate that PBX1 plays a central role in regulating the ERalpha transcriptional response to epidermal growth factor (EGF) signaling. PBX1 regulates a subset of EGF-ERalpha genes highly expressed in aggressive breast tumours. Retrospective stratification of luminal patients using PBX1 protein levels in primary cancer further demonstrates that elevated PBX1 protein levels correlate with earlier metastatic progression. In agreement, PBX1 protein levels are significantly upregulated during metastatic progression in ERalpha-positive breast cancer patients. Finally we reveal that PBX1 upregulation in aggressive tumours is partly mediated by genomic amplification of the PBX1 locus. Correspondingly, ERalpha positive breast cancer patients carrying PBX1 amplification are characterized by poor survival. Notably, we demonstrate that PBX1 amplification can be identified in tumor derived-circulating free DNA of ERalpha positive metastatic patients. Metastatic patients with PBX1 amplification are also characterized by shorter relapse-free survival. Our data identifies PBX1 amplification as a functional hallmark of aggressive ERalpha-positive breast cancers. Mechanistically, PBX1 amplification impinges on several critical pathways associated with aggressive ERalpha positive breast cancer.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer) / daganatok, tumorok, onkológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2018 10:43
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2018 10:43

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