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Gene expression analysis indicates reduced memory and cognitive functions in the hippocampus and increase in synaptic reorganization in the frontal cortex 3 weeks after MDMA administration in Dark Agouti rats

Petschner, Péter and Tamási, Viola and Ádori, Csaba and Kirilly, Eszter and Andó, Rómeó D. and Tóthfalusi, László and Bagdy, György (2018) Gene expression analysis indicates reduced memory and cognitive functions in the hippocampus and increase in synaptic reorganization in the frontal cortex 3 weeks after MDMA administration in Dark Agouti rats. BMC GENOMICS, 19. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1471-2164

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Abstract

Background 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, “ecstasy”) is a widely used entactogenic drug known to impair cognitive functions on the long-run. Both hippocampal and frontal cortical regions have well established roles in behavior, memory formation and other cognitive tasks and damage of these regions is associated with altered behavior and cognitive functions frequently described in otherwise healthy MDMA users. Meanwhile, in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients seem to benefit from therapeutic application of the drug, where damage in hippocampal cue extinction may play a role. The aim of this study was to examine the hippocampus, frontal cortex and dorsal raphe of Dark Agouti rats with gene expression arrays (Illumina RatRef bead arrays) looking for possible mechanisms and new candidates contributing to the consequences of a single dose of MDMA (15 mg/kg) 3 weeks earlier.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CB1; CaMKII; Ecstasy; Endocannabinoid; Eph receptors; Gene expression; Microarray; NMDA2B; RhoGTPase; Serotonin
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában > R850-854 Experimental medicine / kisérleti orvostudomány
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology / terápia, gyógyszertan
Depositing User: Prof. György Bagdy
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 14:11
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2019 14:11
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/89391

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