Exogenously applied salicylic acid maintains redox homeostasis in salt-stressed Arabidopsis gr1 mutants expressing cytosolic roGFP1

Csiszár, Jolán and Brunner, Szilvia and Horváth, Edit and Bela, Krisztina and Ködmön, P. and Riyazuddin, Riyazuddin and Gallé, Ágnes and Hurton, Ágnes and Papdi, Csaba and Szabados, László and Görgényi Miklósné Tari, Irma (2018) Exogenously applied salicylic acid maintains redox homeostasis in salt-stressed Arabidopsis gr1 mutants expressing cytosolic roGFP1. PLANT GROWTH REGULATION, 86 (2). pp. 181-194. ISSN 0167-6903

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Exogenous salicylic acid (SA) can be used for chemical hardening to alleviate oxidative stress in plants exposed to salinity. The treatment of 5-week-old Arabidopsis thaliana plants with increasing doses of SA alters the ascorbate (ASC) and glutathione (GSH) pools, and modulates their redox status and the activity of several antioxidant enzymes, such as ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR). To investigate the role of GR in the maintenance of cytoplasmic redox homeostasis after hardening by SA, wild type (WT) and gr1 mutant plants, expressing the cytoplasmic redox-sensitive green fluorescent protein (c-roGFP1), were pre-treated with 10(-7) and 10(-5) M SA for 2 weeks and subsequently exposed to 100 mM NaCl. The redox status of the salt-stressed WT plants became more oxidized, which was prevented by pretreatment with 10(-5) M SA. The gr1 mutants showed more positive redox potential than WT plants, which could be reversed by treatment with 10(-5 )M SA. In mutants, the increased GSH levels may have compensated for the deleterious effect of GR deficiency and stabilized the redox potential in plants exposed to salinity. The ASC regeneration in WT plants shifted from the GSH-dependent dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) reaction to the NAD(P)H-dependent monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR) activity during chemical hardening, which contributed to the preservation of the GSH pool in plants under salt stress. Our results suggest that the maintenance of GSH levels and redox homeostasis by SA-mediated hardening play a major role in priming and defending against salt stress.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: OXIDATIVE STRESS; GENE-EXPRESSION; GREEN FLUORESCENT PROTEIN; ASCORBATE PEROXIDASE; HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE; glutathione reductase; SPINACH-CHLOROPLASTS; Monodehydroascorbate reductase; Redox homeostasis; S-nitrosylation; Ascorbate-glutathione pool; Redox-sensitive GFP1; GLUTATHIONE-REDUCTASE;
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2019 14:49
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 14:49

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