New N-phenylpyrrolamide DNA gyrase B inhibitors: Optimization of efficacy and antibacterial activity

Durcik, M. and Lovison, D. and Skok, Z. and Cruz, C. D. and Tammela, P. and Draskovits, Gábor and Nyerges, Ákos and Pál, Csaba (2018) New N-phenylpyrrolamide DNA gyrase B inhibitors: Optimization of efficacy and antibacterial activity. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 154. pp. 117-132. ISSN 0223-5234


Download (1MB) | Preview


The ATP binding site located on the subunit B of DNA gyrase is an attractive target for the development of new antibacterial agents. In recent decades, several small-molecule inhibitor classes have been discovered but none has so far reached the market. We present here the discovery of a promising new series of N-phenylpyrrolamides with low nanomolar IC50 values against DNA gyrase, and submicromolar IC50 values against topoisomerase IV from Escherichia coil and Staphylococcus aureus. The most potent compound in the series has an IC50 value of 13 nM against E. coil gyrase. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) against Gram-positive bacteria are in the low micromolar range. The oxadiazolone derivative with an IC50 value of 85 nM against E. coli DNA gyrase displays the most potent antibacterial activity, with MIC values of 1.56 mu M against Enterococcus faecalis, and 3.13 mu M against wild type S. aureus, methicillinresistant S. aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). The activity against wild type E. coli in the presence of efflux pump inhibitor phenylalanine-arginine beta-naphthylamide (PA beta N) is 4.6 mu M. (C) 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: INHIBITOR; AGENTS; ANALOGS; DESIGN; ANTIBACTERIAL; DNA GYRASE; DISCOVERY; Docking; SPECTRUM; TOPOISOMERASE-IV; Anticancer activity; gyrB; BROAD; Topoisomerase IV; ParE; N-phenylpyrrolamide;
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2019 14:13
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 14:13

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item