Biomarkers for personalised treatment in psychiatric diseases

Bagdy, György and Juhász, Gabriella (2013) Biomarkers for personalised treatment in psychiatric diseases. Expert Opinion on Medical Diagnostics, 7 (5). pp. 417-422. ISSN 1753-0059

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Biomarker research of psychiatric disorders is delayed by symptom patternrelated diagnostic categories that are only distantly associated with biological mechanisms. In neuropsychiatric disorders that have high heritability (schizophrenia, autism, Alzheimer’s disease), genomic research led to significant genome-wide association study (GWAS) results by increasing the number of subjects in case--control studies, and thus provided new hypotheses regarding the aetiology of these disorders and possible targets for research of new treatment approaches. In contrast, in moderately heritable psychiatric disorders (anxiety disorders, unipolar major depression), the development of symptoms, in addition to risk genes, is more dependent on the presence of specific environmental risk factors. Thus, controlling for heterogeneity, and not simply increasing the number of subjects, is crucial for further significant psychiatric GWAS findings that warrant the collection of more detailed individual phenotypic data and information about relevant previous environmental exposures. Gene--gene interactions (epistasis) and intermediate phenotypes or psychiatric and somatic co-morbidities, by identifying similar cases within a diagnostic category, could further increase the generally weak effects of individual genes that limit their usefulness as biomarkers. In conclusion, we argue that methods that are suitable to identify biologically more homogeneous subgroups within a given psychiatric disorder are necessary to advance biomarker research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomarkers, gene--environment interaction, gene--gene interaction, heritability, intermediate phenotype, psychiatric disorders
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology / terápia, gyógyszertan
Depositing User: Prof. György Bagdy
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2014 15:51
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2014 15:51

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