Activation of Farnesoid X Receptor impairs the tumor-promoting function of breast cancer-associated fibroblasts

Barone, I. and Vircillo, V. and Giordano, C. and Gelsomino, L. and Győrffy, Balázs (2018) Activation of Farnesoid X Receptor impairs the tumor-promoting function of breast cancer-associated fibroblasts. Cancer Letters, 437. pp. 89-99. ISSN 0304-3835

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Cancer-associated Fibroblasts (CAFs), the principal components of tumor microenvironment, play multiple role in breast cancer progression. We have previously shown an oncosuppressive role of the nuclear Farnesoid X Receptor (FXR) in mammary epithelial cancer cells, here we assessed whether FXR activation may affect CAF tumor-promoting features. We showed that FXR is expressed in human CAFs isolated from four patients and treatment with the selective FXR agonist GW4064 decreased CAF migration, stress-fiber formation and contractility. RNA-sequencing highlighted cell movement and pathways known to govern cell cytoskeleton organization and migration among the most down-regulated functions and ingenuity canonical pathways upon GW4064 treatment. FXR activation reduced expression of different secreted factors. Coculture experiments revealed a reduced growth and motility of breast cancer cells treated with conditioned-media derived from GW4064-treated CAFs. Increased FXR levels in bulk tumors correlated with a longer patient survival. Our results evidence that FXR activation inhibits tumor-stimulatory activities of CAFs by impacting their mechanical properties and their paracrine signaling repertoire, suggesting that nuclear FXR ligands, by targeting both neoplastic cells and supportive stroma, may represent a promising avenue for the future management of breast cancer. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NUCLEAR RECEPTORS; breast cancer; Tumor microenvironment; FXR; CAFs;
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer) / daganatok, tumorok, onkológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2019 13:35
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 13:35

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