Neuronal background of positioning of the posterior tentacles in the snail Helix pomatia

Hernádi, L. and Teyke, T. (2013) Neuronal background of positioning of the posterior tentacles in the snail Helix pomatia. CELL AND TISSUE RESEARCH, 352. pp. 217-225. ISSN 0302-766X


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The location of cerebral neurons innervating the three recently described flexor muscles involved in the orientation of the posterior tentacles as well as their innervation patterns were investigated, applying parallel retrograde Co- and Ni-lysine as well as anterograde neurobiotin tracings via the olfactory and the peritentacular nerves. The neurons are clustered in eight groups in the cerebral ganglion and they send a common innervation pathway via the olfactory nerve to the flexor and the tegumental muscles as well as the tentacular retractor muscle and distinct pathways via the internal and the external peritentacular nerves to these muscles except the retractor muscle. The three anchoring points of the three flexor muscles at the base of the tentacle outline the directions of three force vectors generated by the contraction of the muscles along which they can pull or move the protracted tentacle which enable the protracted tentacle to bend around a basal pivot. In the light of earlier physiological and the present anatomical findings we suggest that the common innervation pathway to the muscles is required to the tentacle withdrawal mechanism whereas the distinct pathways serve first of all the bending of the protracted posterior tentacles during foraging.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Helix pomatia (Mollusca); Snail; Cerebral motoneurons; Innervation patterns; Odor conditioning; Olfactory orientation; Ommatophore
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QL Zoology / állattan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2014 11:14
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2016 12:10

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