First detection of efrAB, an ABC multidrug efflux pump in Enterococcus faecalis in Tehran, Iran

Shiadeh, Seyedeh Marzieh Jabbari and Hashemi, Ali and Fallah, Fatemeh and Lak, Parnian and Azimi, Leila and Rashidan, Marjan (2019) First detection of efrAB, an ABC multidrug efflux pump in Enterococcus faecalis in Tehran, Iran. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica, 66 (1). pp. 57-68. ISSN 1217-8950


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Enterococcus faecalis is one of the most significant pathogen in both nosocomial and community-acquired infections. Reduced susceptibility to antibiotics is in part due to efflux pumps. This study was conducted on 80 isolates of E. faecalis isolated from outpatients with urinary tract infection during a period of 1 year from April 2014 to April 2015. The antibiotic susceptibility patterns of isolates were determined by the disk diffusion method and presence of efrA and efrB genes was detected by PCR and sequencing. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to ciprofloxacin (CIP) were measured with and without carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) by broth microdilution. The highest resistance rate was observed to erythromycin (83.3%) and the prevalence of efrA and efrB genes in all E. faecalis isolates was 100%. This study showed that 9 out of 13 (69.2%) ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates became less resistant at least fourfolds to CIP in the presence of efflux pump inhibitor. Our result showed that CCCP as an efflux inhibitor can increase effect of CIP as an efficient antibiotic and it is suggested that efrAB efflux pumps are involved in resistance to fluoroquinolone.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: Ágnes Sallai
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2019 07:01
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 14:32

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