Cell migration or cytokinesis and proliferation? – Revisiting the “go or grow” hypothesis in cancer cells in vitro

Garay, Tamás and Juhász, Éva and Molnár, Eszter and Eisenbauer, Maria and Czirók, András and Dekan, Barbara and László, Viktória and Hoda, Mir Alireza and Döme, Balázs and Tímár, József and Klepetko, Walter and Berger, Walter and Hegedűs, Balázs (2013) Cell migration or cytokinesis and proliferation? – Revisiting the “go or grow” hypothesis in cancer cells in vitro. Experimental Cell Research, 319 (20). pp. 3094-3103. ISSN 00144827

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The mortality of patients with solid tumors is mostly due to metastasis that relies on the interplay between migration and proliferation. The “go or grow” hypothesis postulates that migration and proliferation spatiotemporally excludes each other. We evaluated this hypothesis on 35 cell lines (12 mesothelioma, 13 melanoma and 10 lung cancer) on both the individual cell and population levels. Following three-day-long videomicroscopy, migration, proliferation and cytokinesis-length were quantified. We found a significantly higher migration in mesothelioma cells compared to melanoma and lung cancer while tumor types did not differ in mean proliferation or duration of cytokinesis. Strikingly, we found in melanoma and lung cancer a significant positive correlation between mean proliferation and migration. Furthermore, non-dividing melanoma and lung cancer cells displayed slower migration. In contrast, in mesothelioma there were no such correlations. Interestingly, negative correlation was found between cytokinesis-length and migration in melanoma. FAK activation was higher in melanoma cells with high motility. We demonstrate that the cancer cells studied do not defer proliferation for migration. Of note, tumor cells from various organ systems may differently regulate migration and proliferation. Furthermore, our data is in line with the observation of pathologists that highly proliferative tumors are often highly invasive.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RB Pathology / patológia, kórtan
Depositing User: Elvira Rigóné Kálé
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2014 14:48
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2014 14:48

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