Identification of motives mediating alternative functions of the neomorphic moonlighting TPPP/p25

Tökési, Natália and Oláh, Judit and Hlavanda, Emma and Szunyogh, Sándor and Szabó, Adél and Babos, Fruzsina and Magyar, Anna and Lehotzky, Attila and Vass, Elemér and Ovádi, Judit (2014) Identification of motives mediating alternative functions of the neomorphic moonlighting TPPP/p25. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-MOLECULAR BASIS OF DISEASE, 1842 (4). pp. 547-557. ISSN 0925-4439

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The disordered Tubulin Polymerization Promoting Protein (TPPP/p25), a prototype of neomorphic moonlighting proteins, displays physiological and pathological functions by interacting with distinct partners. Here the role of the disordered N- and C-termini straddling a middle flexible segment in the distinct functions of TPPP/p25 was established, and the binding motives responsible for its heteroassociations with tubulin and α-synuclein, its physiological and pathological interacting partner, respectively, were identified. We showed that the truncation of the disordered termini altered the folding state of the middle segment and has functional consequences concerning its physiological function. Double truncation diminished its binding to tubulin/microtubules, consequently the tubulin polymerization/microtubule bundling activities of TPPP/p25 were lost highlighting the role of the disordered termini in its physiological function. In contrast, interaction of TPPP/p25 with α-synuclein was not affected by the truncations and its α-synuclein aggregation promoting activity was preserved, showing that the α-synuclein binding motif is localized within the middle segment. The distinct tubulin and α-synuclein binding motives of TPPP/p25 were also demonstrated at the cellular level: the double truncated TPPP/p25 did not align along the microtubules in contrast to the full length form, while it induced α-synuclein aggregation. The localization of the binding motives on TPPP/p25 were established by specific ELISA experiments performed with designed and synthesized peptides: motives at the 178-187 and 147-156 segments are involved in the binding of tubulin and α-synuclein, respectively. The dissimilarity of these binding motives responsible for the neomorphic moonlighting feature of TPPP/p25 has significant innovative impact in anti-Parkinson drug research.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2014 19:06
Last Modified: 20 May 2016 19:11

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