Recurrent landsliding of a high bank at Dunaszekcső, Hungary : Geodetic deformation monitoring and finite element modeling

Bányai, László and Mentes, Gyula and Újvári, Gábor and Kovács, Miklós and Czap, Zoltán and Gribovszki, Katalin and Papp, Gábor (2014) Recurrent landsliding of a high bank at Dunaszekcső, Hungary : Geodetic deformation monitoring and finite element modeling. GEOMORPHOLOGY, 210. pp. 1-13. ISSN 0169-555X


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Five years of geodetic monitoring data are processed to evaluate recurrent sliding at Dunaszekcső, which are characteristic geomorphological processes affecting the high banks of the Middle Danube valley in Hungary. The integrated geodetic observations provide accurate three dimensional coordinate time series, and these data are used to calculate the kinematic features of point movements and rigid body behavior of point blocks. Additional datasets are borehole tiltmeter and hydrological recordings of the Danube and soil water wells. These data, together with two dimensional final element analyses, are utilized to gain a better understanding of the physical, soil mechanical background and stability features of the high bank. Here we show that the main trigger of movements appears to be the changing groundwater levels, which have an effect an order of magnitude higher than that of river water level changes. Varying displacement rates of the sliding blocks are interpreted as having been caused by basal pore water pressure changes originating from shear zone volume changes, floods of the River Danube through later seepage and rain infiltration. Both data and modeling point to the complex nature of bank sliding at Dunaszekcső. Some features imply that the movements are rotational, some reveal slumping. By contrast, all available observational and modeling data point to the retrogressive development of the high bank at Dunaszekcső. Regarding mitigation, the detailed analysis of three basic parameters (the direction of displacement vectors, tilting, and the acceleration component of the kinematic function) is suggested because these parameters indicate the zone where the largest lateral displacements can be expected and indicate the advent of the rapid movement phase of sliding that affect high banks along the River Danube.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: River Danube; Groundwater; Bank failure; Tilting; Kinematic and dynamic evolution
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography / földméréstan, geodézia, térképészet
Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2014 13:34
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2016 23:15

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