Sensing Layer for Ni Detection in Water Created by Immobilization of Bioengineered Flagellar Nanotubes on Gold Surfaces

Lábadi, Zoltán and Kalas, Benjamin and Saftics, András and Illés, Levente and Jankovics, Hajnalka and Bereczk-Tompa, Éva and Kakasi, Balázs and Vonderviszt, Ferenc and Fried, Miklós and Petrik, Péter (2020) Sensing Layer for Ni Detection in Water Created by Immobilization of Bioengineered Flagellar Nanotubes on Gold Surfaces. ACS BIOMATERIALS-SCIENCE & ENGINEERING, 6 (7). pp. 3811-3820. ISSN 2373-9878

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The environmental monitoring of Ni is targeted at a threshold limit value of 0.34 mu M, as set by the World Health Organization. This sensitivity target can usually only be met by time-consuming and expensive laboratory measurements. There is a need for inexpensive, field-applicable methods, even if they are only used for signaling the necessity of a more accurate laboratory investigation. In this work, bioengineered, protein-based sensing layers were developed for Ni detection in water. Two bacterial Ni-binding flagellin variants were fabricated using genetic engineering, and their applicability as Ni-sensitive biochip coatings was tested. Nanotubes of mutant flagellins were built by in vitro polymerization. A large surface density of the nanotubes on the sensor surface was achieved by covalent immobilization chemistry based on a dithiobis(succimidyl propionate) cross-linking method. The formation and density of the sensing layer was monitored and verified by spectroscopic ellipsometry and atomic force microscopy. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements revealed a Ni sensitivity below 1 mu M. It was also shown that, even after two months of storage, the used sensors can be regenerated and reused by rinsing in a 10 mM solution of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid at room temperature.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD02 Physical chemistry / fizikai kémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2020 08:19
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2020 08:19

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