Structural dissection of 13-epiestrones based on the interaction with human Organic anion-transporting polypeptide, OATP2B1

Laczkó-Rigó, Réka and Jójárt, Rebeka and Mernyák, Erzsébet and Bakos, Éva and Tuerkova, Alzbeta and Özvegy-Laczka, Csilla (2020) Structural dissection of 13-epiestrones based on the interaction with human Organic anion-transporting polypeptide, OATP2B1. JOURNAL OF STEROID BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 200. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0960-0760

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Human OATP2B1 encoded by the SLCO2B1 gene is a multispecific transporter mediating the cellular uptake of large, organic molecules, including hormones, prostaglandins and bile acids. OATP2B1 is ubiquitously expressed in the human body, with highest expression levels in pharmacologically relevant barriers, like enterocytes, hepatocytes and endothelial cells of the blood-brain-barrier. In addition to its endogenous substrates, OATP2B1 also recognizes clinically applied drugs, such as statins, antivirals, antihistamines and chemotherapeutic agents and influences their pharmacokinetics. On the other hand, OATP2B1 is also overexpressed in various tumors. Considering that elevated hormone uptake by OATP2B1 results in increased cell proliferation of hormone dependent tumors (e.g. breast or prostate), inhibition of OATP2B1 can be a good strategy to inhibit the growth of these tumors. 13-epiestrones represent a potential novel strategy in the treatment of hormone dependent cancers by the suppression of local estrogen production due to the inhibition of the key enzyme of estrone metabolism, 17ß-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD17ß1). Recently, we have demonstrated that various phosphonated 13-epiestrones are dual inhibitors also suppressing OATP2B1 function. In order to gain better insights into the molecular determinants of OATP2B1 13-epiestrone interaction we investigated the effect of C-2 and C-4 halogen or phenylalkynyl modified epiestrones on OATP2B1 transport function. Potent inhibitors (with EC50 values in the low micromolar range) as well as non-inhibitors of OATP2B1 function were identified. Based on the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of the various 13-epiestrone derivatives we could define structural elements important for OATP2B1 inhibition. Our results may help to understand the drug/inhibitor interaction profile of OATP2B1, and also may be a useful strategy to block steroid hormone entry into tumors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organic anion-transporting polypeptide; 13-epiestrones; Inhibitor; SAR
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2020 14:08
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2020 14:08

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