Mechanism of NO-SCR by methane over Co,H-ZSM-5 and Co,H-mordenite catalysts

Lónyi, Ferenc and Solt, Hanna Erzsébet and Pászti, Zoltán and Valyon, József (2014) Mechanism of NO-SCR by methane over Co,H-ZSM-5 and Co,H-mordenite catalysts. APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, 150-51. pp. 218-229. ISSN 0926-3373


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Results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) examination and temperatureprogrammed reduction measurements by H2 (H2-TPR) showed that the Co-zeolite catalysts, which were found most active in the selective catalytic reduction of NO by methane to N2 in the presence of excess O2 (NO-SCR), contain both Co2+/[Co-OH]+/H+ exchange cations, Cooxo species and cobalt oxide clusters. Using operando Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopic method (DRIFTS method) the NO-SCR reaction was shown to proceed in consecutive steps via bifunctional mechanism over active sites (i) promoting the oxidation of NO by O2 to NO2 (NO-COX reaction), and sites (ii) whereon disproportionation and charge separation of 2NO2 generates activated surface intermediate NO3 -/NO+ ion pair. Latter process was found to require Co2+ zeolite cations. The NO-COX reaction was shown to proceed over Co-oxo species and cobalt oxide, if present, and also over Brønsted acid sites but at a significantly lower rate. In the reaction of methane and the NO3 -/NO+ ion pair CO2, H2O, and N2 was formed and the active Co2+ sites were recovered (CH4/NO-SCR reaction). The surface concentration of the NO3 -/NO+ ion pair must have been controlled by the relative magnitude of the apparent rate constants of the consecutive NO-COX and CH4/NO-SCR reactions. Below about 700 K reaction temperature latter reaction governed the rate of the consecutive NO reduction process. Above about 700 K combustion became the main reaction of methane. Because of the low equilibrium NO2 concentration at these high temperatures the NO-COX reaction took over the control over the rate of the NO-SCR process. Under steady state reaction conditions a temperature-dependent fraction of the Co2+ active sites was always poisoned by adsorbed H2O formed in the CH4 oxidation reaction.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Co,H-zeolites; NO-SCR by CH4; Operando-DRIFTS; reaction mechanism
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GE Environmental Sciences / környezettudomány
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2014 11:36
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2014 13:59

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