Cognitive mechanisms underlying reading and spelling development in five European orthographies

Moll, Kristina and Ramus, Franck and Bartling, Jürgen and Bruder, Jennifer and Kunze, Sarah and Tóth, Dénes and Honbolygó, Ferenc and Csépe, Valéria (2014) Cognitive mechanisms underlying reading and spelling development in five European orthographies. LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION, 29. pp. 65-77. ISSN 0959-4752


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This paper addresses the question whether the cognitive underpinnings of reading and spelling are universal or whether there are language/orthography-specific differences. We analysed concurrent predictions of phonological processing (awareness and memory) and rapid automatized naming (RAN) for literacy development in a large (N = 1062) European sample of typically developing elementary school children beyond Grade 2 acquiring five different alphabetic orthographies with varying degrees of grapheme-phoneme consistency (English, French, German, Hungarian, Finnish). Findings indicate that (1) phonological processing and RAN constitute two separate factors which both account for significant amounts of unique variance in literacy attainment in all five orthographies. Associations of these proximal predictor measures with reading speed, reading accuracy, and spelling are differential: in general, RAN was the best predictor of reading speed while phonological processing accounted for higher amounts of unique variance in reading accuracy and spelling; (2) the predictive patterns were largely comparable across orthographies, with two exceptions: first the overall predictive power of the cognitive skills on literacy measures was higher in English than in more consistent orthographies and secondly, RAN tended to account for more variance in reading accuracy and spelling in English than in all other orthographies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rapid automatized naming; phonological awareness; Orthographic consistency; cross-linguistic; reading development
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion / filozófia, pszichológia, vallás > BF Psychology / lélektan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2014 13:22
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2014 14:01

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