Early Medieval Genetic Data from Ural Region Evaluated in the Light of Archaeological Evidence of Ancient Hungarians

Csáky, Veronika and Gerber, Dániel and Szeifert, Bea and Egyed, Balázs and Stégmár, Balázs and Botalov, Sergej Gennadevich and Grudochko, Ivan Valerevich and Matvejeva, Natalja Petrovna and Zelenkov, Alexander Sergejevich and Slepcova, Anastasija Viktorovna and Goldina, Rimma D. and Danich, Andrey V. and Mende, Balázs G. and Türk, Attila and Szécsényi-Nagy, Anna (2020) Early Medieval Genetic Data from Ural Region Evaluated in the Light of Archaeological Evidence of Ancient Hungarians. bioRxiv. (Submitted)


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The ancient Hungarians originated from the Ural region of Russia, and migrated through the Middle-Volga region and the Eastern European steppe into the Carpathian Basin during the 9th century AD. Their Homeland was probably in the southern Trans-Ural region, where the Kushnarenkovo culture disseminated. In the Cis-Ural region Lomovatovo and Nevolino cultures are archaeologically related to ancient Hungarians. In this study we describe maternal and paternal lineages of 36 individuals from these regions and nine Hungarian Conquest period individuals from today’s Hungary, as well as shallow shotgun genome data from the Trans-Uralic Uyelgi cemetery. We point out the genetic continuity between the three chronological horizons of Uyelgi cemetery, which was a burial place of a rather endogamous population. Using phylogenetic and population genetic analyses we demonstrate the genetic connection between Trans-, Cis-Ural and the Carpathian Basin on various levels. The analyses of this new Uralic dataset fill a gap of population genetic research of Eurasia, and reshape the conclusions previously drawn from 10-11th century ancient mitogenomes and Y-chromosomes from Hungary.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D History General and Old World / történelem > D3 Mediaeval History / középkor története
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GN Anthropology / embertan, fizikai antropológia
Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Depositing User: Dr Anna Szécsényi-Nagy
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2020 03:36
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2023 06:59

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