NAD(+)-mediated rescue of prenatal forebrain angiogenesis restores postnatal behavior

Subburaju, Sivan and Kaye, Sarah and Choi, Yong Kee and Baruah, Jugajyoti and Datta, Debkanya and Szabó, Gábor (2020) NAD(+)-mediated rescue of prenatal forebrain angiogenesis restores postnatal behavior. SCIENCE ADVANCES, 6 (41). pp. 1-16. ISSN 2375-2548

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Intrinsic defects within blood vessels from the earliest developmental time points can directly contribute to psychiatric disease origin. Here, we show that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)), administered during a critical window of prenatal development, in a mouse model with dysfunctional endothelial ϒ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors (Gabrb3 endothelial cell knockout mice), results in a synergistic repair of impaired angiogenesis and normalization of brain development, thus preventing the acquisition of abnormal behavioral symptoms. The prenatal NAD(+) treatment stimulated extensive cellular and molecular changes in endothelial cells and restored blood vessel formation, GABAergic neuronal development, and forebrain morphology by recruiting an alternate pathway for cellular repair, via previously unknown transcriptional mechanisms and purinergic receptor signaling. Our findings illustrate a novel and powerful role for NAD(+) in sculpting prenatal brain development that has profound implications for rescuing brain blood flow in a permanent and irreversible manner, with long-lasting consequences for mental health outcome.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában > R850-854 Experimental medicine / kisérleti orvostudomány
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry / idegkórtan, neurológia, pszichiátria
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RS Pharmacy and materia medica / gyógyszerészet, gyógyászati eszközök
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2021 13:20
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2021 13:20

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