Next Frontier in Planetary Geological Reconnaissance: Low-Latency Telepresence

Anderson, Robert C. and Adamo, Dan and Buczkowski, Debra and Dohm, James and Haidegger, Tamás (2021) Next Frontier in Planetary Geological Reconnaissance: Low-Latency Telepresence. ICARUS. pp. 1-26. ISSN 0019-1035 (print); 1090-2643 (online) (In Press)

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The most compelling questions about the possibility of life on other planetary bodies will likely be answered only once the human mind can fully engage with the explored alien surface. Current interplanetary science operation models are primarily based on the paradigm of using robotic off-Earth assets for exploration. Conducting field geology research on other planetary bodies requires experts to use data collected from advanced technologies to substitute for their on-site presence to overcome the time delay (e.g., latency) and bandwidth constraints in the transfer of data. To overcome these constraints, astronauts will need to be placed either directly on the surface (e.g., “boots on the ground”) or robotic systems will need to be deployed and directed by humans from Earth with massive time delays. In the next major stage of planetary reconnaissance, as presented here, deployment of teleoperated robotic assets with humans sufficiently proximal to the exploration targets (referred to here as “Low-Latency Telepresence (LLT)”) will greatly enhance scientific return. Humans in orbit can be present electronically/digitally at multiple sites on a planetary surface, and that presence can be sterile, alleviating planetary protection concerns. Crewed astronauts using LLT, in partnership with robotic agents on the surface, will provide scientists the means to explore, for example, the mountains and vast canyon systems on Mars and the submarine environment of Jupiter's moon Europa. Consequently, because LLT does not require humans to be physically present at the exploration site, it is potentially advantageous in terms of schedule and cost, reduces human and planetary risks, while increasing the quantity and quality of the science data that can be returned.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QB Astronomy, Astrophysics / csillagászat, asztrofizika
Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics / járműtechnika, repülés, űrhajózás
Depositing User: Dr. Tamas Haidegger
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2021 12:05
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2021 12:05

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