Intranasal Application of PACAP and β-Cyclodextrin Before the “Critical Period of Proestrous Stage” Can Block Ovulation

Heinzlmann, Andrea and Oláh, Márk and Köves, Katalin (2019) Intranasal Application of PACAP and β-Cyclodextrin Before the “Critical Period of Proestrous Stage” Can Block Ovulation. BIOLOGIA FUTURA, 70 (1). pp. 62-70. ISSN 2676-8615 (print); 2676-8607 (online)

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Introduction: It was previously shown that intracerebroventricular administration of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) prior to GnRH mobilization in proestrus prevents ovulation in rats. In this study, we examined whether PACAP given intranasally could influence luteinizing hormone (LH) and prolactin (PRL) surges and ovulation. Methods: On the day of proestrus PACAP, β-cyclodextrin (modifier of blood–brain barrier) or PACAP + β-cyclodextrin was applied intranasally between 12:30 and 13:00. Blood samples were taken at 16:00, 18:00, and 20:00 for measuring plasma hormone levels. In the next morning, the expelled ova were counted. β-cyclodextrin was also administered to male and diestrous female rats between 12:30 and 13:00 and blood was taken at 18:00. Results: PACAP prevented LH and PRL surges and ovulation in about half of the rats, β-cyclodextrin alone more effectively prevented ovulation. When PACAP and β-cyclodextrin were administered together, more rats ovulated like when PACAP given alone. β-cyclodextrin did not influence LH and PRL levels in diestrous females; however, in males, it significantly enhanced PRL level. Discussion: Not only the intracerebroventricular, but the intranasal application of PACAP prevented ovulation. β-cyclodextrin alone is more effective than PACAP and enhances PRL levels in male rats. PACAP and β-cyclodextrin given together weaken each other’s effect. β-cyclodextrin, as excipient of various drugs, has to be used carefully in human medications.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: MTA KFB támogatási szerződés alapján archiválva
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wistar rats; radioimmunoassay; LH; PRL
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2021 14:43
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 14:43

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