Secretory phospholipase a2 inhibitor px-18 preserves microvascular reactivity after cerebral ischemia in piglets.

Domoki, Ferenc and Zimmermann, A. and Lenti, L. and Tóth-Szűki, Valéria and Pardeike, J. and Bari, Ferenc (2009) Secretory phospholipase a2 inhibitor px-18 preserves microvascular reactivity after cerebral ischemia in piglets. MICROVASCULAR RESEARCH, 78 (2). pp. 212-217. ISSN 0026-2862

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Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) results in cellular energy failure and dysfunction of the neurovascular unit that contribute to subsequent neuronal cell death in the neonate. PX-18 is a putative neuroprotective inhibitor of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) but its in vivo testing has been limited by its poor solubility. Our purpose was to assess whether PX-18 preserved neuronal–vascular reactivity to I/R-sensitive endothelium-dependent (hypercapnia, bradykinin) and/or neuron-dependent (N-methyl-D-aspartate; NMDA) stimuli. To make the drug available for in vivo studies, PX-18 was formulated as a 3% nanosuspension applying high pressure homogenization. Newborn piglets (1-day old, n=40) were anesthetized and ventilated, and cerebrovascular reactivity to the above stimuli was determined by measuring changes in pial arteriolar diameters using the closed cranial window/intravital videomicroscopy technique. Intravenous infusion of PX-18 nanosuspension (6 mg/kg, 20 min) did not affect baseline arteriolar diameters, or hypercapnia-, bradykinin-, or NMDA-induced pial arteriolar vasodilation under normoxic conditions. Global cerebral ischemia (10 min) followed by 1 h of reperfusion significantly attenuated hypercapnia-, bradykinin-, and NMDA-induced vasodilation in untreated or vehicle-treated controls. However, PX-18 resulted in nearly full preservation of cerebrovascular reactivity to all these stimuli. In conclusion, inhibition of sPLA2 by PX-18 improves neurovascular function both at the neuronal and the microvascular level following I/R. This effect of PX-18 likely contributes to its neuroprotective effect.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: N-methyl-D-aspartate Hypercapnia Bradykinin Pial arteriole Nanosuspension
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QP Physiology / élettan
R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2014 21:08
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2014 21:08

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