Drought and saline stress tolerance induced in somatic hybrids of solanum chacoense and potato cultivars by using mismatch repair deficiency

Molnár, I. and Cozma, L. and Dénes, T.-É. and Vass, Imre and Vass, István-Zoltán (2021) Drought and saline stress tolerance induced in somatic hybrids of solanum chacoense and potato cultivars by using mismatch repair deficiency. AGRICULTURE, 11 (8). ISSN 2077-0472

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Global climate change, especially when involving drought and salinity, poses a major challenge to sustainable crop production, causing severe yield losses. The environmental conditions are expected to further aggravate crop production in the future as a result of continuous greenhouse gas emissions, causing further temperature rise and leading to increased evapotranspiration, severe drought, soil salinity, as well as insect and disease threats. These suboptimal growth conditions have negative impact on plant growth, survival, and crop yield. Potato is well known as a crop extremely susceptible to drought, which is primarily attributed to its shallow root system. With potato being the fourth major food crop, increasing potato productivity is thus important for food security and for feeding global population. To maintain a sustainable potato production, it is necessary to develop stress tolerant potato cultivars that cope with the already ongoing climate change. The aim of our study is to analyze the response of potato somatic hybrids to drought and salt stress under in vitro conditions; the somatic hybrids studied are the wild relative Solanum chacoense (+) Solanum tuberosum, with or without mismatch repair deficiency (MMR). Upon this selection of drought and salt tolerant genotypes, somatic hybrids and their parents were phenotyped on a semi-automated platform, and lines tolerant to medium water scarcity (20% compared to 60% soil water capacity) were identified. Although none of the parental species were tolerant to drought, some of the MMR-deficient somatic hybrids showed tolerance to drought and salt as a new trait. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Plant Genetic Engineering Group, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Geology, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, 400006, Romania Biological Research Center Jibou, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, 400000, Romania Institute of Plant Biology, Biological Research Centre, Eötvös Loránd Research Network, Szeged, 6726, Hungary Export Date: 1 September 2021 Correspondence Address: Rakosy-Tican, E.; Plant Genetic Engineering Group, Romania; email: Funding Agency and Grant Number: POCU project [123886] Funding text: I.M. was supported by funds from the Young Researcher Grants 2019-2020 (GTC-2020). L.C. was supported by POCU 123886 project. I.M. and E.R.-T. are grateful to EPPN (European Plant Phenotyping Network), project TA (transnational access) to phenotyping platform HAS-RSDS-SSDS, at Biological Research Centre Szeged, Hungary.
Uncontrolled Keywords: PHOTOSYNTHESIS; SALT STRESS; PROLINE; drought stress; Potato somatic hybrid;
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan > QK10 Plant physiology / növényélettan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2022 13:18
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2022 13:18

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