A new diverse charophyte flora and biozonation of the Eocene bauxite cover-sequence at Gant (Vertes Hills, Hungary)

Trabelsi, Khaled and Sames, Benjamin and Wagreich, Michael and Kázmér, Miklós and Mindszenty, Andrea (2021) A new diverse charophyte flora and biozonation of the Eocene bauxite cover-sequence at Gant (Vertes Hills, Hungary). JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC PALAEONTOLOGY, 19 (7). pp. 541-563. ISSN 1477-2019


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A diverse Eocene charophyte flora from a section at Gant (Vertes Hills), Transdanubian Central Range, north-western Hungary, provides significant new information building on previous studies based only on sub-surface data published from the mid-twentieth century. This newly acquired material facilitates the taxonomic revision and emendation of the species Raskyella peckii and thereby defines a new anagenetic lineage based on three successive varieties that were formerly considered as separate species or subspecies: Raskyella peckii var. peckii (early Lutetian-early Bartonian), Raskyella peckii var. caliciformis (early Bartonian), and Raskyella peckii var. vadaszii (late Bartonian). Based on this lineage, we propose a new local charophyte biozonation that consists of a 'Raskyella peckii Superzone' (Lutetian-Bartonian), sub-divided into three successive charophyte partial range zones: the 'Raskyella peckii peckii Zone' (Lutetian-lower-most Bartonian) characterized by an assemblage of R. peckii peckii, Gyrogona caelata forma caelata, G. caelata forma monolifera and Nitellopsis (Tectochara) aff. palaeohungarica, the 'Raskyella peckii caliciformis Zone' (lower Bartonian) characterized by the assemblage of R. peckii var. caliciformis, G. caelata forma caelata, G. caelata forma monolifera, G. caelata forma baccata, Nitellopsis (Tectochara) aff. palaeohungarica and Chara media, and the 'Raskyella peckii vadaszii Zone' (upper Bartonian) characterized by R. peckii var. vadaszii, G. caelata forma bicincta, G. caelata forma baccata, G. caelata forma fasciata, G. tuberosa, Psilochara polita, Psilochara sp., Chara media and Chara subcylindrica. Future research may show the new local biozonation as applicable to the whole of Europe and complementary to the current European charophyte biozonation. Our results show that the sequences from Gant, which were previously regarded as upper mid-Eocene (upper Lutetian-lower Bartonian) in age, appear to represent a longer chronostratigraphic interval: lower Lutetian to upper Bartonian. Our chronostratigraphic results imply a longer and more stepwise Eocene major transgression in the Transdanubian Central Range than previously thought.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Central Europe; Paleogene; Characeae; Raskyellaceae; phylozone; gradualistic evolution;
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH526 Paleontology / őslénytan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2022 10:20
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2022 10:20

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