Natural Apocarotenoids and Their Synthetic Glycopeptide Conjugates Inhibit SARS-CoV-2 Replication

Bakai-Bereczki, Ilona and Papp, Henrietta and Kuczmog, Anett and Madai, Mónika and Nagy, Veronika and Agócs, Attila and Batta, Gyula and Milánkovits, Márton and Ostorházi, Eszter and Hajdú, István and Bajusz, Dávid and Keserű, György Miklós and Jakab, Ferenc and Herczegh, Pál and Borbás, Anikó (2021) Natural Apocarotenoids and Their Synthetic Glycopeptide Conjugates Inhibit SARS-CoV-2 Replication. PHARMACEUTICALS, 14 (11). ISSN 1424-8247

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The protracted global COVID-19 pandemic urges the development of new drugs against the causative agent SARS-CoV-2. The clinically used glycopeptide antibiotic, teicoplanin, emerged as a potential antiviral, and its efficacy was improved with lipophilic modifications. This prompted us to prepare new lipophilic apocarotenoid conjugates of teicoplanin, its pseudoaglycone and the related ristocetin aglycone. Their antiviral effect was tested against SARS-CoV-2 in Vero E6 cells, using a cell viability assay and quantitative PCR of the viral RNA, confirming their micromolar inhibitory activity against viral replication. Interestingly, two of the parent apocarotenoids, bixin and ?-apo-8'carotenoic acid, exerted remarkable anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity. Mechanistic studies involved cathepsin L and B, as well as the main protease 3CLPro, and the results were rationalized by computational studies. Glycopeptide conjugates show dual inhibitory action, while apocarotenoids have mostly cathepsin B and L affinity. Since teicoplanin is a marketed antibiotic and the natural bixin is an approved, cheap and widely used red colorant food additive, these readily available compounds and their conjugates as potential antivirals are worthy of further exploration.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Megosztott első szerzőség
Uncontrolled Keywords: antiviral activity; Ristocetin; antibacterial activity; teicoplanin; bixin; crocetin; SARS-CoV-2; β-apocarotenoic acid;
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia > QR355 Virology / víruskutatás
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RS Pharmacy and materia medica / gyógyszerészet, gyógyászati eszközök
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2022 09:24
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2022 09:24

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