AgRP neurons control structure and function of the medial prefrontal cortex

Stutz, Bernardo and Waterson, Michael J. and Šestan-Peša, Matija and Dietrich, Marcelo O. and Škarica, Mario and Sestan, Nenad and Racz, Bence and Magyar, Aletta and Sotonyi, Peter and Liu, Zhong-Wu and Gao, Xiao-Bing and Matyas, Ferenc and Stoiljkovic, Milan and Horvath, Tamas L. (2022) AgRP neurons control structure and function of the medial prefrontal cortex. Molecular Psychiatry, 27. pp. 3951-3960. ISSN 1359-4184 (In Press)

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Hypothalamic agouti-related peptide and neuropeptide Y-expressing (AgRP) neurons have a critical role in both feeding and non-feeding behaviors of newborn, adolescent, and adult mice, suggesting their broad modulatory impact on brain functions. Here we show that constitutive impairment of AgRP neurons or their peripubertal chemogenetic inhibition resulted in both a numerical and functional reduction of neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of mice. These changes were accompanied by alteration of oscillatory network activity in mPFC, impaired sensorimotor gating, and altered ambulatory behavior that could be reversed by the administration of clozapine, a non-selective dopamine receptor antagonist. The observed AgRP effects are transduced to mPFC in part via dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area and may also be conveyed by medial thalamic neurons. Our results unmasked a previously unsuspected role for hypothalamic AgRP neurons in control of neuronal pathways that regulate higher-order brain functions during development and in adulthood.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Q Science / természettudomány > QP Physiology / élettan
Depositing User: dr Ferenc Mátyás
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2022 08:27
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2023 14:07

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