Autophagy is Required for Spermatogonial Differentiation in the Drosophila Testis

Varga, Virginia B. and Schuller, Dóra and Szikszai, Fanni and Szinyákovics, Janka and Puska, Gina and Vellai, Tibor and Kovács, Tibor (2022) Autophagy is Required for Spermatogonial Differentiation in the Drosophila Testis. BIOLOGIA FUTURA : A QUARTERLY OF THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, 73 (2). pp. 187-204. ISSN 2676-8615 (print); 2676-8607 (online)

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Autophagy is a conserved, lysosome-dependent catabolic process of eukaryotic cells which is involved in cellular differentiation. Here, we studied its specific role in the differentiation of spermatogonial cells in the Drosophila testis. In the apical part of the Drosophila testis, there is a niche of germline stem cells (GSCs), which are connected to hub cells. Hub cells emit a ligand for bone morhphogenetic protein (BMP)-mediated signalling that represses Bam (bag of marbles) expression in GSCs to maintain them in an undifferentiated state. GSCs divide asymmetrically, and one of the daughter cells differentiates into a gonialblast, which eventually generates a cluster of spermatogonia (SG) by mitoses. Bam is active in SG, and defects in Bam function arrest these cells at mitosis. We show that BMP signalling represses autophagy in GSCs, but upregulates the process in SG. Inhibiting autophagy in SG results in an overproliferating phenotype similar to that caused by bam mutations. Furthermore, Bam deficiency leads to a failure in downstream mechanisms of the autophagic breakdown. These results suggest that the BMP-Bam signalling axis regulates developmental autophagy in the Drosophila testis, and that acidic breakdown of cellular materials is required for spermatogonial differentiation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz
Depositing User: PhD Tibor Kovács
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2022 08:43
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 07:55

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