Mechanical Characterization of Two-Segment Free-Standing ZnO Nanowires Using Lateral Force Microscopy

Volk, János and Radó, János and Baji, Zsófia and Erdélyi, Róbert (2022) Mechanical Characterization of Two-Segment Free-Standing ZnO Nanowires Using Lateral Force Microscopy. NANOMATERIALS, 12 (23). ISSN 2079-4991

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Mechanical characterization of quasi one-dimensional nanostructures is essential for the design of novel nanoelectromechanical systems. However, the results obtained on basic mechanical quantities, such as Young’s modulus and fracture strength, show significant standard deviation in the literature. This is partly because of diversity in the quality of the nanowire, and partly because of inappropriately performed mechanical tests and simplified mechanical models. Here we present orientation-controlled bending and fracture studies on wet chemically grown vertical ZnO nanowires, using lateral force microscopy. The lateral force signal of the atomic force microscope was calibrated by a diamagnetic levitation spring system. By acquiring the bending curves of 14 nanowires, and applying a two-segment mechanical model, an average bending modulus of 108 ± 17 GPa was obtained, which was 23% lower than the Young’s modulus of bulk ZnO in the [0001] direction. It was also found that the average fracture strain and stress inside the nanowire was above 3.1 ± 0.3 % and 3.3 ± 0.3 GPa, respectively. However, the fracture of the nanowires was governed by the quality of the nanowire/substrate interface. The demonstrated technique is a relatively simple and productive way for the accurate mechanical characterization of vertical nanowire arrays.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2022 11:36
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2022 11:36

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