Is the EU Toothless? An Assessment of the EU Rule of Law Enforcement Toolkit

Bárd, Petra and Chronowski, Nóra and Fleck, Zoltán and Kovács, Ágnes and Körtvélyesi, Zsolt and Mészáros, Gábor (2022) Is the EU Toothless? An Assessment of the EU Rule of Law Enforcement Toolkit. MTA LAW WORKING PAPERS, 2022 (8). pp. 1-54. ISSN 2064-4515


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This paper lists and critically assesses European Rule of Law enforcement instruments. It argues that these could have provided dissuasive responses to severe and systemic Rule of Law violations in Hungary, had they been applied consequently, promptly, and in a coordinated manner. But they have not been used, or not effectively, or not in a timely manner. To prove this point, Hungarian cases of Rule of Law violations are listed and analysed, pointing out instances where European enforcement tools were applied; where they were applied, but could have been employed more efficiently;and where they could have been applied, had there been a political will to do so. Based on the assessment, authors consider infringement procedures and the rule of law conditionality mechanism to be the most effective tools of enforcement, and encourage the Commission to follow academic proposals and bundle cases to show and adequately respond to the systemic nature of autocratisation, where interconnected instances of Rule of Law violations mutually reinforce each other

Item Type: Article
Subjects: K Law / jog > K Law (General) / jogtudomány általában
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2022 12:44
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2022 12:44

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