Extensive allele mining discovers novel genetic diversity in the loci controlling frost tolerance in barley

Guerra, Davide and Morcia, Caterina and Badeck, Franz and Rizza, Fulvia and Delbono, Stefano and Monostori, István and Galiba, Gábor (2022) Extensive allele mining discovers novel genetic diversity in the loci controlling frost tolerance in barley. THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS, 135 (2). pp. 553-569. ISSN 0040-5752

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Wild relatives, landraces and old cultivars of barley represent a reservoir of untapped and potentially important genes for crop improvement, and the recent sequencing technologies provide the opportunity to mine the existing genetic diversity and to identify new genes/alleles for the traits of interest. In the present study, we use frost tolerance and vernalization requirement as case studies to demonstrate the power of allele mining carried out on exome sequencing data generated from > 400 barley accessions. New deletions in the first intron of VRN-H1 were identified and linked to a reduced vernalization requirement, while the allelic diversity of HvCBF2a, HvCBF4b and HvCBF14 was investigated by combining the analysis of SNPs and read counts. This approach has proven very effective to identify gene paralogs and copy number variants of HvCBF2 and the HvCBF4b-HvCBF2a segment. A multiple linear regression model which considers allelic variation at these genes suggests a major involvement of HvCBF14, rather than copy number variation of HvCBF4b-HvCBF2a, in controlling frost tolerance in barley. Overall, the present study provides powerful resource and tools to discover novel alleles at relevant genes in barley.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3015 Molecular biology / molekuláris biológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2023 14:53
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2023 14:53

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