Activity concentration of 137Cs in undisturbed attic dust collected from Salgótarján and Ózd (northern Hungary)

Tserendorj, Davaakhuu and Szabó, Katalin Zsuzsanna and Völgyesi, Péter and Nguyen Cong, Tam and Hatvani, István Gábor and Jánosi, Imre Miklós and Abbaszade, Gorkhmaz and Salazar, Nelson and Szabó, Csaba (2022) Activity concentration of 137Cs in undisturbed attic dust collected from Salgótarján and Ózd (northern Hungary). JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY, 251-52. No. 106950. ISSN 0265-931X

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Due to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident, contaminated air masses, containing 137Cs, were widely propagated across all of Europe. Cesium-137 is easily adsorbed on aerosol particles as it returns to the litho-sphere/pedosphere/via wet and dry deposition in the form of a radioactive fallout component. Following the nuclear accident, primary attention was paid to agricultural areas and less to urban environments. Our 137Cs activity study using undisturbed attic dust samples has been carried out from two residential areas (city of Salgótarján and Ózd) in northern Hungary, approx. 1000 km away from Chernobyl. A total of 61 attic dust samples were collected in 2016 and 2018 from houses (>30 years) functioning as family house, kindergarten, blockhouse and church. Activity concentration of 137Cs was determined for 1–2 g homogenized (<125 μm) attic dust samples in a low background iron chamber with a well-type HPGe detector. The mean 137Cs activity concentrations in attic dust samples are 88.5 ± 5.1 Bq kg in Salgótarján and Ózd, respectively. The dependence between 137Cs activities and the age of the houses was found to be significant (p=0.02), which could be explained by Chernobyl nuclear accident-causing elevated activity concentrations in location built prior to the accident. Three outliers in Ózd, are probably related to the first rainfall event after the Chernobyl accident. Isotopic landscapes (isoscapes) of 137Cs were derived for both cities by means of kriging interpolation. In Salgótarján the 137Cs activity concentrations were higher than in Ózd which might have been due to redistribution loadings and local topographical features. We concluded that components of attic dust are highly useful indicators of home exposure to pollution events and remain detectable after several decades.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 251-252. szám | „A publikáció a Nemzeti Közszolgálati Egyetem 2020. évi Tématerületi Kiválóság Program keretében, a Fenntartható biztonság és társadalmi környezet elnevezésű projekt támogatásával valósult meg, az Innovációs és Technológiai Minisztérium Nemzeti Kutatási, Fejlesztési és Innovációs Alapból nyújtott támogatásával, a Nemzeti Kutatási, Fejlesztési és Innovációs Hivatal által kibocsátott támogatói okirat alapján.” Pályázat sorszáma: NKFIH-1273-6/2020 Támogató: NKFIH
Uncontrolled Keywords: 137Cs activity concentration, Attic dust, Gamma spectrometry, Geostatistics, Central Europe
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2023 08:26
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2023 08:26

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