Promising anticancer agents based on 8-hydroxyquinoline hydrazone copper(II) complexes

Ribeiro, Nadia and Bulut, Ipek and Sergi, Baris and Pósa, Vivien and Spengler, Gabriella and Enyedy, Éva Anna (2023) Promising anticancer agents based on 8-hydroxyquinoline hydrazone copper(II) complexes. FRONTIERS IN CHEMISTRY, 11. ISSN 2296-2646


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We report the synthesis and characterization of a group of benzoylhydrazones (L n ) derived from 2-carbaldehyde-8-hydroxyquinoline and benzylhydrazides containing distinct para substituents (R = H, Cl, F, CH 3 , OCH 3 , OH and NH 2 , for L 1-7 , respectively; in L 8 isonicotinohydrazide was used instead of benzylhydrazide). Cu(II) complexes were prepared by reaction of each benzoylhydrazone with Cu(II) acetate. All compounds were characterized by elemental analysis and mass spectrometry as well as by FTIR, UV-visible absorption, NMR or electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopies. Complexes isolated in the solid state ( 1–8 ) are either formulated as [Cu(HL)acetate] (with L 1 and L 4 ) or as [Cu(L n )] 3 ( n = 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8). Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies were done for L 5 and [Cu(L 5 )] 3 , confirming the trinuclear formulation of several complexes. Proton dissociation constants, lipophilicity and solubility were determined for all free ligands by UV-Vis spectrophotometry in 30% (v/v) DMSO/H 2 O. Formation constants were determined for [Cu(LH)], [Cu(L)] and [Cu(LH −1 )] for L = L 1 , L 5 and L 6 , and also [Cu(LH −2 )] for L = L 6 , and binding modes are proposed, [Cu(L)] predominating at physiological pH. The redox properties of complexes formed with L 1 , L 5 and L 6 are investigated by cyclic voltammetry; the formal redox potentials fall in the range of +377 to +395 mV vs. NHE. The binding of the Cu(II)-complexes to bovine serum albumin was evaluated by fluorescence spectroscopy, showing moderate-to-strong interaction and suggesting formation of a ground state complex. The interaction of L 1 , L 3 , L 5 and L 7 , and of the corresponding complexes with calf thymus DNA was evaluated by thermal denaturation. The antiproliferative activity of all compounds was evaluated in malignant melanoma (A-375) and lung (A-549) cancer cells. The complexes show higher activity than the corresponding free ligand, and most complexes are more active than cisplatin. Compounds 1, 3, 5 , and 8 were selected for additional studies: while these complexes induce reactive oxygen species and double-strand breaks in both cancer cells, their ability to induce cell-death by apoptosis varies. Within the set of compounds tested, 8 emerges as the most promising one, presenting low IC 50 values, and high induction of oxidative stress and DNA damage, which eventually lead to high rates of apoptosis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC173.4 Material science / anyagtudomány
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD02 Physical chemistry / fizikai kémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2023 15:06
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2023 15:06

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