CaMKIIα Promoter-Controlled Circuit Manipulations Target Both Pyramidal Cells and Inhibitory Interneurons in Cortical Networks

Veres, Judit M. and Andrási, Tibor and Nagy-Pál, Petra and Hájos, Norbert (2023) CaMKIIα Promoter-Controlled Circuit Manipulations Target Both Pyramidal Cells and Inhibitory Interneurons in Cortical Networks. ENEURO, 10 (4). ArtNo: 0070-23.2023 1–11. ISSN 2373-2822

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A key assumption in studies of cortical functions is that excitatory principal neurons, but not inhibitory cells express calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II subunit α (CaMKIIα) resulting in a widespread use of CaMKIIα promoter-driven protein expression for principal cell manipulation and monitoring their activities. Using neuroanatomical and electrophysiological methods we demonstrate that in addition to pyramidal neurons, multiple types of cortical GABAegic cells are targeted by adeno-associated viral vectors (AAV) driven by the CaMKIIα promoter in both male and female mice. We tested the AAV5 and AAV9 serotype of viruses with either Channelrhodopsin 2 (ChR2)-mCherry or Archaerhodopsin-T-green fluorescent protein (GFP) constructs, with different dilutions. We show that in all cases, the reporter proteins can visualize a large fraction of different interneuron types, including parvalbumin (PV), somatostatin (SST), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and cholecystokinin (CCK)-containing GABAergic cells, which altogether cover around 60% of the whole inhibitory cell population in cortical structures. Importantly, the expression of the excitatory opsin Channelrhodopsin 2 in the interneurons effectively drive spiking of infected GABAergic cells even if the immunodetectability of reporter proteins is ambiguous. Thus, our results challenge the use of CaMKIIα promoter-driven protein expression as a selective tool in targeting cortical glutamatergic neurons using viral vectors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: AAV; optogenetics; Pyramidal cell; GABAergic cell; cortical circuits;
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QP Physiology / élettan
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry / idegkórtan, neurológia, pszichiátria
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2023 07:19
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2023 07:19

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