Reductive Treatment of Pt Supported on Ti0.8Sn0.2O2-C Composite: A Route for Modulating the Sn–Pt Interactions

Silva, Cristina and Salmanzade, Khirdakhanim and Borbáth, Irina and Dódony, Erzsébet and Olasz, Dániel and Sáfrán, György and Kuncser, Andrei and Pászti-Gere, Erzsébet and Tompos, András and Pászti, Zoltán (2023) Reductive Treatment of Pt Supported on Ti0.8Sn0.2O2-C Composite: A Route for Modulating the Sn–Pt Interactions. NANOMATERIALS, 13 (15). No-2245. ISSN 2079-4991

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The composites of transition metal-doped titania and carbon have emerged as promising supports for Pt electrocatalysts in PEM fuel cells. In these multifunctional supports, the oxide component stabilizes the Pt particles, while the dopant provides a co-catalytic function. Among other elements, Sn is a valuable additive. Stong metal-support interaction (SMSI), i.e., the migration of a partially reduced oxide species from the support to the surface of Pt during reductive treatment is a general feature of TiO2-supported Pt catalysts. In order to explore the influence of SMSI on the stability and performance of Pt/Ti0.8Sn0.2O2-C catalysts, the structural and catalytic properties of the as prepared samples measured using XRD, TEM, XPS and electrochemical investigations were compared to those obtained from catalysts reduced in hydrogen at elevated temperatures. According to the observations, the uniform oxide coverage of the carbon backbone facilitated the formation of Pt–oxide–C triple junctions at a high density. The electrocatalytic behavior of the as prepared catalysts was determined by the atomic closeness of Sn to Pt, while even a low temperature reductive treatment resulted in Sn–Pt alloying. The segregation of tin oxide on the surface of the alloy particles, a characteristic material transport process in Sn–Pt alloys after oxygen exposure, contributed to a better stability of the reduced catalysts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: electrocatalyst; mixed oxide–carbon composite; platinum–tin interaction; strong metal-support interaction
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC173.4 Material science / anyagtudomány
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2023 09:13
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2023 09:13

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