Oligonucleotide Formulations Prepared by High-Speed Electrospinning: Maximizing Loading and Exploring Downstream Processability

Hirsch, Edit and Nacsa, Márió and Pantea, Eszter and Szabó, Edina and Vass, Panna and Domján, Júlia and Farkas, Attila and Nyiri, Zoltán and Eke, Zsuzsanna and Vigh, Tamás and Marosi, György János and Nagy, Zsombor Kristóf (2023) Oligonucleotide Formulations Prepared by High-Speed Electrospinning: Maximizing Loading and Exploring Downstream Processability. PHARMACEUTICS, 15 (3). No.-855. ISSN 1999-4923

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The aim of this study was to develop antisense oligonucleotide tablet formulations using high-speed electrospinning. Hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) was used as a stabilizer and as an electrospinning matrix. In order to optimize the morphology of the fibers, electrospinning of various formulations was carried out using water, methanol/water (1:1), and methanol as solvents. The results showed that using methanol could be advantageous due to the lower viscosity threshold for fiber formation enabling higher potential drug loadings by using less excipient. To increase the productivity of electrospinning, high-speed electrospinning technology was utilized and HPβCD fibers containing 9.1% antisense oligonucleotide were prepared at a rate of ~330 g/h. Furthermore, to increase the drug content of the fibers, a formulation with a 50% drug loading was developed. The fibers had excellent grindability but poor flowability. The ground fibrous powder was mixed with excipients to improve its flowability, which enabled the automatic tableting of the mixture by direct compression. The fibrous HPβCD–antisense oligonucleotide formulations showed no sign of physical or chemical degradation over the 1-year stability study, which also shows the suitability of the HPβCD matrix for the formulation of biopharmaceuticals. The obtained results demonstrate possible solutions for the challenges of electrospinning such as scale-up and downstream processing of the fibers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biopharmaceutical formulation, electrospinning, solvent optimization, downstream processing, high-drug-loaded fibers, antisense oligonucleotide, oral delivery
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RS Pharmacy and materia medica / gyógyszerészet, gyógyászati eszközök
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2023 13:11
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2023 13:11

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