Two Bronze Age miniature wagon and wheel burials in Encs (North-Eastern Hungary)

Mengyán, Ákos and Gémes, Anett and Szeniczey, Tamás and Hajdu, Tamás (2023) Two Bronze Age miniature wagon and wheel burials in Encs (North-Eastern Hungary). OXFORD JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY, 42 (3). pp. 199-220. ISSN 1468-0092 (online)

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During an excavation of a Bronze Age, Füzesabony-culture cemetery at Encs (north-eastern Hungary), a clay wagon model with spoked wheels (grave 1290) and three miniature solid clay wheels were found (grave 1389). Miniature wagon and wheel models in burials began to appear in the Late Copper Age and lasted until the Iron Age in Central Europe. Their presence allows of several interpretations. These spoked wheels of grave 1290 provide early evidence about the appearance of such in the Carpathian Basin. Focussing on the two graves from Encs, this article reports AMS radiocarbon dates that suggest the spoked wheels belong to the early second millennium BC. The implications of these finds are interpreted though a comparative review of both wagon models from the Füzesabony culture and the evidence for early spoked wheels in the Carpathian Basin.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History / történeti segédtudományok > CC Archaeology / régészet
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GN Anthropology / embertan, fizikai antropológia
Depositing User: Dr. Tamás Hajdu
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2023 11:50
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2023 11:50

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