Tuberculosis in prehistory in eastern central Europe (Hungary) – Chronological and geographical distribution

Gémes, Anett and Mateovics-László, Orsolya and Anders, Alexandra and Raczky, Pál and Szabó, Géza and Somogyi, Krisztina and Keszi, Tamás and Gyenesei, Katalin Éva and Kovács, Lóránd Olivér and Marcsik, Antónia and D. Szabó, László and Kiss, Krisztián and Köhler, Kitti and K. Zoffmann, Zsuzsanna and Szeniczey, Tamás and Hajdu, Tamás (2023) Tuberculosis in prehistory in eastern central Europe (Hungary) – Chronological and geographical distribution. TUBERCULOSIS. ISSN 1472-9792 (In Press)

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Tuberculosis (TB) has long been a major scourge of humankind. Paleopathological and paleomicrobiological studies have revealed the past presence of the disease on a large spatial and temporal scale. The antiquity of the disease has extensively been studied in the Carpathian Basin, given its dynamic population and cultural changes since prehistory. These studies, however, have mainly focused on the populations living during the Common Era. The aim of this paper is to present the published and the recently discovered cases of prehistoric TB, from the Neolithic (6000–4500/4400 BCE) to the Bronze Age (2600/2500-800 BCE) Central Carpathian Basin (Hungary). We summarize 18 published cases and present new cases dating to the Neolithic period and introduce 3 newly discovered Bronze Age cases of TB. Despite extensive research, TB has not yet been identified from the Copper and Iron Ages in the Carpathian Basin. Considering the state of TB research, and supplemented by our prehistoric dataset, the spatio-temporal pattern of the disease can be further elucidated, thus advancing future molecular and paleopathological studies. Our dataset offers comprehensive spatial and temporal information on the spread of the disease in the Carpathian Basin, along with a detailed biological profile of the demonstrated cases and extensive paleopathological descriptions of the observed lesions, complemented by photographic evidence. This invaluable resource paves the way for enhanced understanding and progress in the field.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GN Anthropology / embertan, fizikai antropológia
Depositing User: Dr. Tamás Hajdu
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2023 11:57
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2023 11:57

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