Thermopower in hBN/graphene/hBN superlattices

Guarochico-Moreira, Victor H. and Anderson, Christopher R. and Fal'ko, Vladimir and Grigorieva, Irina V. and Tóvári, Endre (2023) Thermopower in hBN/graphene/hBN superlattices. PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 108 (11). ISSN 2469-9950

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Thermoelectric effects are highly sensitive to the asymmetry in the density of states around the Fermi energy and can be exploited as probes of the electronic structure. We experimentally study thermopower in high-quality monolayer graphene, within heterostructures consisting of complete hBN encapsulation and 1D edge contacts, where the graphene and hBN lattices are aligned. When graphene is aligned to one of the hBN layers, we demonstrate the presence of additional sign reversals in the thermopower as a function of carrier density, directly evidencing the presence of the single-aligned moiré superlattice. We show that the temperature dependence of the thermopower enables the assessment of the role of built-in strain variation and van Hove singularities and hints at the presence of Umklapp electron-electron scattering processes. As the thermopower peaks around the neutrality point, this allows to probe the energy spectrum degeneracy. Further, when graphene is double aligned with the top and bottom hBN crystals, the thermopower exhibits features evidencing multiple cloned Dirac points caused by the differential super-moiré superlattice. For both cases we evaluate how well the thermopower agrees with Mott's equation. Finally, we show the same moiré superlattice device can exhibit a temperature-driven thermopower reversal from positive to negative and vice versa, by controlling the carrier density. The study of thermopower provides an alternative approach to study the electronic structure of 2D superlattices, whilst offering opportunities to engineer the thermoelectric response on these heterostructures.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC03 Heat. Thermodinamics / hőtan, termodinamika
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2023 09:06
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2023 09:08

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