Terahertz spectroscopy of spin excitations in magnetoelectric LiFePO4 in high magnetic fields

Peedu, Laur and Kocsis, Vilmos and Szaller, Dávid and Forrai, Botond and Bordács, Sándor and Kézsmárki, István and Viirok, Johan and Nagel, Urmas and Bernáth, Bence and Kamenskyi, D. L. and Miyata, Atsuhiko and Portugall, Olivier and Tokunaga, Yusuke and Tokura, Yoshinori and Taguchi, Yasujiro and Rõõm, Toomas (2022) Terahertz spectroscopy of spin excitations in magnetoelectric LiFePO4 in high magnetic fields. PHYSICAL REVIEW B. ISSN 2469-9950

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We investigated the spin excitations of magnetoelectric LiFePO4 by THz absorption spectroscopy in magnetic fields up to 33 T. By studying their selection rules, we found not only magnetic-dipole, but also electric-dipole active (electromagnons) and magnetoelectric resonances. The magnetic field dependence of four strong low-energy modes is reproduced well by a four-spin mean-field model for fields applied along the three orthorhombic axes. From the fit of magnetization and magnon frequencies, we refined the exchange couplings, single-ion anisotropies, and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction parameters. Additional spin excitations not described by the mean-field model are observed at higher frequencies. Some of them show a strong shift with the magnetic field, up to 4 cm−1T−1, when the field is applied along the easy axis. Based on this field dependence, we attribute these high frequency resonances to the excitation of higher spin multipoles and of two magnons, which become THz-active due to the low symmetry of the magnetically ordered state.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC04 Electricity. Magnetism. Electromagnetism / villamosság, mágnesesség, elektromágnessesség
Depositing User: Dr Sándor Bordács
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2023 09:34
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2023 09:34

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