Role of interleukin-6 and interleukin-10 in morphological and functional changes of the blood–brain barrier in hypertriglyceridemia

Barabási, Beáta and Barna, Lilla and Santa Maria, Anaraquel and Harazin, András and Molnár, Réka and Kincses, András and Vigh, Judit Piroska and Dukay, Brigitta and Sántha, Miklós and Tóth, Erzsébet Melinda and Walter, Fruzsina and Deli, Mária Anna and Hoyk, Zsófia (2023) Role of interleukin-6 and interleukin-10 in morphological and functional changes of the blood–brain barrier in hypertriglyceridemia. FLUIDS AND BARRIERS OF THE CNS, 20. No-15. ISSN 2045-8118

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Background Hypertriglyceridemia is closely linked to atherosclerosis related infammatory processes and blood– brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction. Using apolipoprotein B-100 (APOB-100) transgenic mice, an animal model of chronic hypertriglyceridemia, we analyzed BBB function and morphology in vitro and ex vivo. Our objective was to deter‑ mine which BBB characteristics are produced mainly by interleukin (IL)-6, an atherosclerosis promoting cytokine, and whether these actions can be antagonized by IL-10, an anti-infammatory cytokine. Methods Brain endothelial and glial cell cultures and brain microvessels were isolated from wild type (WT) and APOB-100 transgenic mice and were treated with IL-6, IL-10 and their combination. First, IL-6 and IL-10 production was measured in WT and APOB-100 microvessels using qPCR. Then functional parameters of endothelial cell cultures were analyzed and immunocytochemistry for key BBB proteins was performed. Results IL-6 mRNA levels were higher in brain microvessels than in brain parenchyma of APOB-100 transgenic mice. Transendothelial electric resistance and P-glycoprotein activity were lower, and paracellular permeability was higher in cultured APOB-100 brain endothelial cells. These features were sensitive to both IL-6 and IL-10 treatments. A decreased P-glycoprotein immunostaining was measured in transgenic endothelial cells under control conditions and in WT cells after treating them with IL-6. This efect was antagonized by IL-10. Changes in immunostaining for tight junction proteins were observed after IL-6 exposure, which were in part antagonized by IL-10. In glial cell cultures an increase in aquaporin-4 immunolabeling in the transgenic group and an increase in microglia cell density in WT glia cultures was detected after IL-6 treatment, which was antagonized by IL-10. In isolated brain microvessels a decrease in P-glycoprotein immunolabeled area fraction was measured in APOB-100 microvessels under control conditions and in WT microvessels after every cytokine treatment. ZO-1 immunolabeling showed characteristics similar to that of P-glycoprotein. No change was seen in claudin-5 and occludin immunoreactive area fractions in microvessels. A decrease in aquaporin-4 immunoreactivity was measured in WT microvessels treated by IL-6, which was antagonized by IL-10.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Agency and Grant Number: ELKH Biological Research Center - National Research, Development, and Innovation Office of Hungary [GINOP-2.3.2-15-2016-00060]; European Training Network [H2020-MSCA-ITN-2015, 675619] Funding text: Open access funding provided by ELKH Biological Research Center. This work was funded by the National Research, Development, and Innovation Office of Hungary, Grant Number GINOP-2.3.2-15-2016-00060. ARSM was supported by the European Training Network H2020-MSCA-ITN-2015 [Grant Number 675619].
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apolipoprotein B-100, Blood–brain barrier, Brain microvessel, Hypertriglyceridemia, Interleukin-6, Interleukin-10, Tight junction, P-glycoprotein, Claudin-5, Aquaporin-4, Glia
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3015 Molecular biology / molekuláris biológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QP Physiology / élettan
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry / idegkórtan, neurológia, pszichiátria
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2023 07:36
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2023 07:36

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