Positive Impulsive Control of Tumor Therapy—A Cyber-Medical Approach

Kovács, Levente and Ferenci, Tamás and Gombos, Balázs and Füredi, András and Rudas, Imre and Szakács, Gergely and Drexler, Dániel András (2023) Positive Impulsive Control of Tumor Therapy—A Cyber-Medical Approach. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS MAN AND CYBERNETICS: SYSTEMS. ISSN 2168-2216 (In Press)

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Chemotherapy optimization based on mathematical models is a promising direction of personalized medicine. Personalizing, thus optimizing treatments, may have multiple advantages, from fewer side effects to lower costs. However, personalization is a complicated process in practice. We discuss a mathematical model of tumor growth and therapy optimization algorithms that can be used to personalize therapies. The therapy generation is based on the concept of keeping the drug level over a specified value. A mixed-effect model is used for parametric identification, and the doses are calculated using a two-compartment model for drug pharmacokinetics, and a nonlinear pharmacodynamics and tumor dynamics model. We propose personalized therapy generation algorithms for having a maximal effect and minimal effective doses. We handle inter-and intra-patient variability for the minimal effective dose therapy. Results from mouse experiments for the personalized therapy are discussed and the algorithms are compared to a generic protocol based on overall survival. The experimental results show that the introduced algorithms significantly increased the overall survival of the mice, demonstrating that by control engineering methods an efficient modality of cancer therapy may be possible.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Impulsive system, min–max therapy, optimal treatment, positive system, therapy generation, tumor model
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QA Mathematics / matematika
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer) / daganatok, tumorok, onkológia
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology / terápia, gyógyszertan
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2023 06:26
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2023 06:26

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