State-Dependent Optimal Incentive Allocation Protocols for Cooperation in Public Goods Games on Regular Networks

Sun, Zaiben and Chen, Xiaojie and Szolnoki, Attila (2023) State-Dependent Optimal Incentive Allocation Protocols for Cooperation in Public Goods Games on Regular Networks. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORK SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 10 (6). pp. 3975-3988. ISSN 2327-4697

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Incentives are often used to promote cooperation in a population of competing agents. The combination of punishment and reward is a common way. However, how to optimally allocate an amount of incentive budget as reward and punishment to enhance cooperation in structured populations is still a challenging problem, which is worthy of study. To address this problem, we here consider evolutionary public goods games on structured networks and assume that a fixed budget of incentives is dynamically allocated to reward cooperators or to punish defectors in the group interactions of the game, depending on the actual cooperation level in the population. By means of the pair approximation approach, we derive the dynamical equation for depicting the evolutionary dynamics of cooperation. We then formulate two optimal incentive allocation problems by minimizing the payoff difference between defectors and cooperators and maximizing the gradient of selection, respectively. We theoretically derive the optimal incentive allocation protocols for the two object functions we considered. We find that the obtained protocols both depend sensitively on the efficiency ratio of reward to punishment. In addition, we provide numerical calculations to verify our theoretical results.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: A tételhez csatolt PDF, a tanulmány közlésre elfogadott kéziratváltozata, melynek címe eltér a végleges változattól: State-Dependent Optimal Incentive Allocation Protocols for Cooperation in Structured Networks
Uncontrolled Keywords: Evolutionary game theory, cooperation, adaptive hybrid incentive, regular networks, incentive allocation
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QA Mathematics / matematika > QA76.527 Network technologies / Internetworking / hálózati technológiák, hálózatosodás
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2023 14:43
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2023 14:43

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