Navigable Networks as Nash Equilibria of Navigation Games

Gulyás, András and Bíró, József and Kőrösi, Attila and Rétvári, Gábor and Dmitri, Krioukov (2015) Navigable Networks as Nash Equilibria of Navigation Games. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 6. ISSN 2041-1723


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The common sense suggests that networks are not random mazes of purposeless connections, but that these connections are organised so that networks can perform their functions well. One function common to many networks is targeted transport or navigation. Using game theory, here we show that minimalistic networks designed to maximise the navigation efficiency at minimal cost share basic structural properties with real networks. These idealistic networks are Nash equilibria of a network construction game whose purpose is to find an optimal trade-off between the network cost and navigability. We show that these skeletons are present in the Internet, metabolic, English word, US airport, Hungarian road networks, and in a structural network of the human brain. The knowledge of these skeletons allows one to identify the minimal number of edges by altering which one can efficiently improve or paralyse navigation in the network.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QA Mathematics / matematika > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science / számítástechnika, számítógéptudomány
Q Science / természettudomány > QA Mathematics / matematika > QA76.527 Network technologies / Internetworking / hálózati technológiák, hálózatosodás
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2023 08:29
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2023 08:29

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