A Unique Iberian Majolica Fragment from the Marketplace of Győr (Hungary)

Nádai, Zsófia and Kolláth, Ágnes and Kovács, Bianka Gina (2023) A Unique Iberian Majolica Fragment from the Marketplace of Győr (Hungary). HUNGARIAN ARCHAEOLOGY, 12 (3). pp. 35-45. ISSN 2416-0296


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This paper explores the origin, chronology, and connections of a majolica vessel found during excavation in the marketplace of Győr. The piece is of exceptionally high quality and counts as exceptional in the archaeological record of Hungary. It is adorned with painted cobalt blue motifs and lustre decoration. Its analogies are known from major museums' collections, including the Metropolitan Museum, the British Museum, and the Louvre. Based on these, its place and time of origin could be identified as the 15th-century Valencia in today’s Spain, more specifically, Manises (now a district of Valencia) and between the 1430s and 1450s (based on the detailed chronological framework established from excavation results in the area). According to written sources, ceramic vessels and architectural ceramics were produced in Manises, a workshop following Hispanic Moorish traditions, to be exported to distant lands and on the order by noble families and princely courts, thus influencing, for instance, the majolica production of Italy. Following the expansion of the Kingdom of Aragon during the reign of Alfonso V, the Manises ware also became important in the court in Naples. The diplomatic relations between the royal courts of Aragon and Hungary can be accounted for the appearance of such a vessel in the territory of the Kingdom of Hungary.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: late Middle Ages, majolica, lustre, cobalt blue, Győr, Valencia, Manises, Naples, Beatrix of Aragon
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History / történeti segédtudományok > CC Archaeology / régészet
D History General and Old World / történelem > D3 Mediaeval History / középkor története
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2023 13:52
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2023 13:52

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