Socioeconomic reorganization of communication and mobility networks in response to external shocks

Napoli, L. and Sekara, V. and García-Herranz, M. and Karsai, Márton (2023) Socioeconomic reorganization of communication and mobility networks in response to external shocks. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 120 (50). ISSN 0027-8424

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Socioeconomic segregation patterns in networks usually evolve gradually, yet they can change abruptly in response to external shocks. The recent COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent government policies induced several interruptions in societies, potentially disadvantaging the socioeconomically most vulnerable groups. Using large-scale digital behavioral observations as a natural laboratory, here we analyze how lockdown interventions lead to the reorganization of socioeconomic segregation patterns simultaneously in communication and mobility networks in Sierra Leone. We find that while segregation in mobility clearly increased during lockdown, the social communication network reorganized into a less segregated configuration as compared to reference periods. Moreover, due to differences in adaption capacities, the effects of lockdown policies varied across socioeconomic groups, leading to different or even opposite segregation patterns between the lower and higher socioeconomic classes. Such secondary effects of interventions need to be considered for better and more equitable policies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; ARTICLE; human; major clinical study; shock; interpersonal communication; socioeconomics; socioeconomics; Socioeconomic Factors; Population Density; Social network; pandemic; Pandemics; Sierra Leone; Sierra Leone; social segregation; social segregation; social segregation; LockDown; COVID-19; coronavirus disease 2019; coronavirus disease 2019; curfew; socioeconomic reorganization;
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QA Mathematics / matematika
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2024 10:36
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2024 10:36

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