Tapentadol enantiomers: Synthesis, physico-chemical characterization and cyclodextrin interactions.

Fejős, Ida and He, Yang and Völgyi, Gergely and Kazsoki, Adrienn and Sun, Jin and Chen, Weiming and Sohajda, Tamás and Szente, Lajos and Jiang, Xiangrui and Béni, Szabolcs (2014) Tapentadol enantiomers: Synthesis, physico-chemical characterization and cyclodextrin interactions. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 88. pp. 594-601. ISSN 0731-7085

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The complete physico-chemical characterization of the single enantiomer analgesic drug R,R-tapentadol was quantitated in terms of protonation macro- and microconstants and octanol-water partition coefficient using pH-potentiometry, UV-pH and 1H NMR-pH titrations. The protonation macroconstants were found to be logK1=10.59+/-0.01 and logK2=9.44+/-0.01, while the individual basicity of each protonation site was found to be logkO=9.94 and logkN=10.48 for the phenolate and tertiary amine functions, respectively. As a consequence, the zwitterionic form of tapentadol predominates in aqueous solutions. The potential optical impurity (S,S-tapentadol) was synthesized for the first time in a seven-step chiral synthetic procedure. The enantiomers of tapentadol were separated by cyclodextrin modified capillary zone electrophoresis. Over 15 cyclodextrins were investigated in terms of apparent complex stability and screened as chiral selectors, and the sulfated alpha-cyclodextrin was found to resolve the enantiomers with excellent resolution (Rs=16.2 and 9.1) at pH 4.75 and pH 9.0, respectively. The system containing 12mM selector in a 50mM TRIS-acetate buffer was amenable to detect S,S-tapentadol potential optical impurity at 0.1% concentration level.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The authors -Fejos I and He Y - contributed equally to this work.
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RS Pharmacy and materia medica / gyógyszerészet, gyógyászati eszközök
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2015 15:35
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2015 15:35

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