A Starčevo kultúra embertani leletei Alsónyék-Bátaszék lelőhelyről

Köhler, Kitti (2015) A Starčevo kultúra embertani leletei Alsónyék-Bátaszék lelőhelyről. Anthropologiai Közlemények, 56. pp. 3-26. ISSN 0003-5440


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Anthropological examination of the Starčevo culture graves excavated at the site of Alsónyék-Bátaszék. In this paper the results of the physical anthropological and paleopathological analysis of 25 Early Neolithic (Starčevo culture) graves are presented, which were excavated at the site of Alsónyék-Bátaszék (South-East Hungary). Among them 7 children, 1 juvenile, 6 males, 10 females and 2 adults of indeterminable sex could be distinguished. Due to the low number of the excavated graves, the detailed paleodemographic analysis (e.g. the estimation of the life expectancy at birth, etc.) could not be compiled. The morphometric analysis, the estimated stature and the taxonomic analysis presented a significant heterogeneity, with the dominance of the leptodolichocran gracile Mediterranean type. The systematic investigations of pathological alterations showed a relatively low ratio of traumatic lesions, non-specific inflammations and osteoarthrosis deformans. Beside these, a rare disease was also recorded. On the skeletal remains of three individuals we found morphological alterations that refer to the occurrence of an infectious disease, namely tuberculosis. In the future, it will be necessary to carry out further investigations. If the presence of tuberculosis pathogenes will be proved by molecular biological analyses, these cases will provide the earliest European incidence of this infection.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History / történeti segédtudományok > CC Archaeology / régészet
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GN Anthropology / embertan, fizikai antropológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2016 12:13
Last Modified: 11 May 2017 05:43

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