Kaposvár 61-es út 2. lelőhely Árpád-kori embertani anyagának paleopatológiai vizsgálata

Németh, Csilla Emese and Bernert, Zsolt and Gallina, Zsolt and Varga, Máté and Pap, Ildikó and Hajdu, Tamás (2015) Kaposvár 61-es út 2. lelőhely Árpád-kori embertani anyagának paleopatológiai vizsgálata. Anthropologiai Közlemények, 56. pp. 61-90. ISSN 0003-5440


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Palaopathological investigation of an Árpádian Age series from Kaposvár road 61, Site 2. The skeletal remains of 202 individuals, 54 males, 60 females, 88 subadults and adults of undeterminable sex were analysed in an Árpádian Age series from Kaposvár Road 61, Site 2. The life expectancy at birth in the studied population was 22.7 years, the sex ratio was balanced. Enthesopathies (E), degenerative joint diseases (DJD) and Schmorl-hernia (SH) were the most common pathological alterations. The pattern of E, DJD and SH prevalence by sex and age was analysed. There was a significant difference in the frequencies of the E on the patellae between males and females, and between adultus and maturus age goups. Sex differences could be explained by the heavier physical load of the knee joints in males. A considerable difference was observed between the adultus and maturus age groups also in the prevalence of spondylarthrosis and arthrosis deformans.The reason of this fenomenon can be explained by aging and the deterioration of joint structures. Significant sexual differences were found in the prevalence of spondylosis, arthrosis deformans and spondylodiscitis, as well as spondylarthrosis. This observation could be explained by the sexual differences in the physical loads of individuals, with the exception of spondylodiscitis. Approximately one third of specimens affected by periostitis. These results, together with the high incidence of endocranial lesion, suggest the possibility of high prevalence of infectious diseases in the studied community. Hematologic disorders, particularly poroticus hyperostosis (PH) were of high prevalence in the sample. PH was present in higher rate among young females than young males. The fast growth of these individuals, menstruation, pregnancy, giving birth and also breastfeeding could have been the possible causes of this fact. Several rare diseases were also recorded; an adult male suffered from bone tuberculosis, an adult female from leprosy. An osteoblastic metastatic bone cancer of a mature female was observed as well.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History / történeti segédtudományok > CC Archaeology / régészet
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GN Anthropology / embertan, fizikai antropológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2016 13:07
Last Modified: 11 May 2017 05:44

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